merger

Gen Mgt
the union of two or more organizations under single ownership, through the direct acquisition by one organization of the net assets or liabilities of the other. A merger can be the result of a friendly takeover, which results in the combining of companies on an equal footing. After a merger, the legal existence of the acquired organization is terminated. There is no standard definition of a merger, as each union is different, depending on what is expected from the merger, and on the negotiations, strategy, stock and assets, human resources, and shareholders of the players. Four broad types of mergers are recognized. A horizontal merger involves firms from the same industry, while a vertical merger involves firms from the same supply chain. A circular merger involves firms with different products but similar distribution channels. A conglomerate company is produced by the union of firms with few or no similarities in production or marketing but that come together to create a larger economic base and greater profit potential.
Also known as acquisition, one-to-one merger.

The ultimate business dictionary. 2015.

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  • merger — merg·er / mər jər/ n 1: the absorption of a lesser estate or interest into a greater one held by the same person compare confusion 2: the incorporation and superseding of one contract by another 3 a: the treatment (as by statute) of two offenses… …   Law dictionary

  • Merger — Mer ger, n. 1. One who, or that which, merges. [1913 Webster] 2. (Law) An absorption of one estate, or one contract, in another, or of a minor offense in a greater. [1913 Webster] 3. The combining of two groups into a unified single group under a …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • merger — [mɛʀʒe] n. m. ÉTYM. Attesté fin XVIIIe, Restif; var. bourguignonne de murgier (XIIIe), murger (1341), mirger (1672), formes de l un des dérivés dialectaux du lat. pop. muricarium « tas de pierres ». → Mur. ❖ ♦ Régional. Tas de pierres provenant… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • merger — (n.) 1728 in legal sense, extinguishment by absorption, from MERGE (Cf. merge) (v.), on analogy of French infinitives used as nouns (e.g. WAIVER (Cf. waiver)). From 1889 in the business sense; not common until c.1926. General meaning any act of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • merger — /ˈmɛrdʒer, ˈmYːdʒə(r)/ [vc. ingl., propr. «fusione»] s. f. inv. (econ., di aziende) fusione …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • merger — *consolidation, amalgamation …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • merger — [n] consolidation alliance, amalgamation, cahoots*, coadunation, coalition, combination, fusion, hookup, incorporation, lineup, melding, mergence, merging, organization, pool, takeover, tie in, tie up, unification, union; concepts 323,324,703 Ant …   New thesaurus

  • merger — ► NOUN ▪ a merging of two things, especially companies, into one …   English terms dictionary

  • merger — [mʉr′jər] n. a merging; specif., ☆ a) a combining of two or more companies, corporations, etc. into one, as by issuing stock of the controlling corporation to replace the greater part of that of the other or others b) the absorption of one estate …   English World dictionary

  • merger — (1) acquisition in which all assets and liabilities ( liability) are absorbed by the buyer. Bloomberg Financial Dictionary (2) More generally, any combination of two companies. The firm s activity in this respect is sometimes called M&A (Merger… …   Financial and business terms

  • merger — The fusion or absorption of one thing or right into another; generally spoken of a case where one of the subjects is of less dignity or importance than the other. Here the less important ceases to have an independent existence. Contract law. The… …   Black's law dictionary

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